Has Your Hand Been Injured In An Accident That Wasn’t Your Fault? You May Be Entitled To Make A Hand Injury Claim.

Of the 206 bones in your body, 27 of them are in your hand. Your hands and wrists are also made up of muscles, joints, tendons, and other connective tissue. Your hands are extremely important to everyday life. Hands allow us to touch and feel things, grab things and carry things, and use and manipulate things as we go about our daily activities.  Injuries to any of these parts of the hand can occur during sports, a fall, or an accident. A hand injury of any kind can have a drastic impact on your life, and if you have suffered a hand injury through no fault of your own, you should be entitled to claim compensation from those who are legally responsible.

Hand Injury Claims

Types Of Hand Injuries

Hand injuries can happen to anyone at any age. Some of the most common hand injuries that Free Legal Justice sees in hand injury claims are:

Sudden onset wrist pain:

These are often minor hand injuries and are usually caused by falling onto the hand with an outstretched arm, or a forced twisting motion.

Gradual onset wrist pain

These gradual injuries occur over a long period time and cannot easily be traced back to a single incident or cause.

Burn injuries and punctures

These hand injuries can occur as result of a sharp object making contact with a part of your hand, exposure to chemical substances, fire, heat, radiation and explosions. They can severely affect the skin and leaving permanent cosmetic damage such as scarring, but they can also damage the internal tissues in some cases.

Burn injuries and punctures

Tendon injuries

The muscles in the hand are joined to the bone by tendons. If there is a piercing injury this can result in severe loss of function in the hand. You could experience either a flexor or an extensor tendon injury. Flexor tendons allow the fingers to bend, and help this movement by attaching the muscles in your forearm to the bones in your thumb and fingers.  Extensor tendons allow you to straighten your fingers. These tendons are positioned on the rear of the hand, and help straighten the fingers by linking the muscles of the forearm with the bones in the fingers and thumb.

Repetitive Strain Injuries RSI

This Injury is linked to damage to the tendons, the nerves and the soft tissues caused by a repetitive motion and usually occurs as a result of overuse of the hand or wrist. The ligaments in the hand can become inflamed due to this overuse, resulting in extreme pain and decreased mobility. Over time, the pain associated with this condition can make it gradually more difficult for the person to carry out repetitive work-related tasks as well as personal routines. Treatments range from anti-inflammatories and pain medication, to wearing a supportive hand brace.

Joint injuries and finger sprains

Dislocations and sprains of the thumb or finger joints can happen after a sport injury or fall. A sprain is an injury to the tissues neighbouring and supporting a joint of the finger. A sprain injury describes damage caused to ligaments when they are stretched beyond their normal range of motion. Sprains can be minor and heal quickly, or they can be extremely severe and result in a complete tear or rupture of the ligament.

Wrist Sprains

When you fall forward, for example in a slip and trip accident, your natural response is to put your hands out in front of you to catch yourself. Unfortunately, this automatic reaction means that you will likely land with your body weight directly on your palm, bending your wrist backwards, and possibly stretching or tearing the ligaments that connect the bones in your wrist. The resulting injury is a wrist sprain.

Finger dislocation

Finger dislocations can be caused by twisting or rotating the finger out of its ordinary position, causing the joint to dislodge and the finger to be displaced.  This can happen to any joint in the finger and thumb, and symptoms of this type of injury include tenderness, swelling, deformity and a decreased range of motion.

Nerve injuries

These injuries in the wrist or hand can lead to total loss of function in these areas and can take a time to mend. Nerves are essentially the body’s wirin system that carries communication between the brain and the rest of the body. Some nerves carry messages from the brain to muscles to make the body move. Other nerves carry messages about pain, pressure, or temperature from the body to the brain. A severed nerve can mean that these signals are no longer transmitted from and to the hand.

Hand fractures

A fracture is a break in the bone, and can occur to basically any of the bones in the hand. Hand fractures are one of the most common hand injuries. Symptoms include tenderness, swelling, deformity and a decreased range of motion. Fractures can be caused by tripping and falling on the hand, being crushed by a heavy load, or by the impact of a heavy object.

Treatment depends on the site and severity of the injury. A simple break might be treated with a sling, ice and rest. However, the bone may require realignment in the emergency room. A more complicated break might require surgery to realign the broken bone and to implant wires, plates, nails or screws to keep the bone in place as it heals.

Wrist Fractures

Scaphoid fractures account for many wrist fractures. The scaphoid bone is one of eight small bones that make up the wrist, and is common in car accidents and falls on an outstretched wrist. The angle at which the wrist hits the ground may determine the type and nature of the injury.


Amputation is an extremely traumatic and devastating occurrence for any person. Part of the entire hand is removed as a result of trauma experienced in an accident. A person’s life will likely be completely transformed by an amputation.

Hand-Arm/ White Finger Vibration Syndrome

His is often an industrial injury, and can also be referred to as the dead finger. This is where the blood vessels in the finger or hand compress and reduce the blood flow in the hand, it can be caused by the constant use of vibrating machinery. Signs of this injury include tingling fingers, numbness, loss of strength and grip in the hand or finger.

If you happen to experience any pain in your hand, fingers or wrist after being involved in an accident, make sure that you do not ignore it. If you ignore it, this could end up creating lasting negative effects on your body and mobility. Seek medical assistance immediately. When a doctor assesses your hand injury, he or she will examine the kind of tissue that has been damaged, whether it is a bone, ligament, or tendon that has been damaged by some sort of accident.

What Should I Do After I Have Suffered A Hand Injury?

It is advisable to seek emergency treatment if you have:

  • Hand, wrist or finger pain that comes on suddenly, is remarkably severe, or
  • An obvious deformity or protruding bone in your hand or wrist, especially if you have bleeding or other injuries
  • Serious burns or exposure to a dangerous chemical substance

You should see your doctor as soon as possible if you have:

  • A sudden injury to your hand, particularly if you hear a snap or cracking sound
  • Severe pain and swelling in your hand
  • Severe bruising to your hand
  • Trouble moving your hand and fingers normally or turning your hand

If your hand injury has been caused as the result of another’s negligent actions or breach of a duty of care, you may have a valid claim for compensation against the person who caused you harm.

Hand injury compensation claims can arise in a number of ways. Typically, they occur as a result of a workplace accident, an accident in a public place or a car accident. Free Legal Justice has dealt with each of these types of personal injury claims before, and we are well placed to advise you on your potential hand injury claim.

  1. Work-Related Hand Injury Claims

A work accident is an occurrence during the course of work, which leads to some form of physical or mental occupational injury. Accidents at work are caused by a combination of unsafe behaviour and unsafe working conditions. When accidents at work happen, it is important that the employer has adequate safety processes and policies in place to deal with the incident.  If a co-worker is to blame an accident at work that has caused your hand injury, it is likely that you are entitled to make a hand injury claim against your company. This will be a claim for compensation for the injuries you have sustained and pain and suffering you have endured as a result of the accident.

Hand injuries can occur as a result of a single incident, from extreme wear and tear or severe strain.

Hand Injuries sustained at work can result from many things including:

  • Lack of personal protection or safety equipment in the workplace
  • Ladder accidents, whereby an employee falls from a great height
  • Machinery accidents, which can include crushing, piercing, ripping of the hand
  • Manual handling accidents from lifting various loads
  • Scaffolding accidents whereby an employee falls from a great height
  • Slip, trips and falls in the office
  • Attacks at work, whether by an animal or another person
  • Building site accidents, where a worker can be damaged by a tool or machinery, or by falling into an exposed hole
  • Crane accidents, for example if a load is dropped on to a worker below, or if a moving crane load makes contact with a worker below
  • Dangerous practice and procedures in place, including lack of training in respect of dangerous machinery and workplace safety
  • Falling objects generally
  • Farming accidents such as an attack by an animal or an injury by a moving vehicle
  • Defective machinery as a result of employer’s negligence.

Employees at Risk of Hand Injuries

While any employee is at risk of suffering a work-related hand injury, some employees are more likely to suffer these injuries than others. This includes people working as health care workers, those working in manufacturing and construction industries, farming industries, as well as those in the retail and service industry including waiters, cashiers, chefs, shop assistants and bar staff.

It is not always clear who caused the accident at work, or who is responsible for whatever caused the hand injury. In most cases your employer will ultimately be liable for the harm you have suffered, and will have beached the duty of care that they have towards you because they failed to ensure your health and safety at work. If an employer does not comply with this duty of care, and their failure to do so results in a hand injury accident at work, there will be sufficient grounds for the employee to make a hand injury compensation claim.

If your hand injury was caused by the negligent actions of another employee, you should not worry that this person will have to pay your hand injury compensation. Because of a principle known as vicarious liability, your employer will be responsible for all actions committed by any of their employees, whether negligent or otherwise. This means that an employer will be liable for any hand injury that an employee has suffered at work. Employers are required by law to take out liability insurance to cover claims by employees that have suffered injuries at work.

Common Work-Related Hand Injury Claims

Free Legal Justice sees numerous accidents at work which result in our clients instituting hand injury claims for compensation against their employers. The list of different hand injury compensation claims is extremely long. Some of the more common reported injuries that Free Legal has dealt with over the years include:

  • Bone fractures of the hand

Hands, hands and fingers all have tiny bones that can easily be broken because of an accident in the workplace.  If an employee becomes caught between parts of hazardous equipment or is crushed under the moving parts of substandard machinery, this can result in serious hand injuries.  If an employee is injured because of a car or other workplace vehicle, they may suffer multiple fractures in one incident.

Some hand fractures may require surgery for treatment of the injury. Depending on the nature and severity of a hand injury, it can take as long as two years to completely recover from the pain, and to revert to your full strength and range of motion.  In less severe cases, people may be able to resume their normal daily routine within three to four months of the injury.

Bone fractures of the hand
  • Puncture wounds to the hand

A hand could be damaged by means of a puncture wound, caused by falling on a sharp object in the workplace or by a power tool or dangerous machinery making contact with some part of the hand. A puncture wound can limit the employee’s ability to hold, lift and carry things.

  • Sprains and strains of the hand

An employee can easily twist his or her hand in the workplace, whether by carrying extreme loads, by falling on an outstretched hand or grabbing a moving object with extreme force. A twisted hand can result in a strain or a sprain. Naturally, the severity of your hand injury will determine your recovery period. In serious hand injury cases surgery may be required, and it can take several weeks to several months for your life to return to normal.

  • Chemical spills and burns

Harmful substances and fire accidents can cause serious burn injuries to any part of your body, including your hand. Employees in the health, science and manufacturing industries are at risk of harmful substances and employers should take strong health and safety measures to ensure that accidents of this nature are prevented in the workplace.

  • Cartilage damage to the hand

When an employee suffers a serious fracture or sprain of a part of their hand, they could also cause harm to their cartilage.

  • Amputation around hand

Hand amputations are terrible injuries for anyone to have to deal with. An amputation may be necessary if an employee’s hand is caught in heavy machinery or dangerous equipment, or if the employee is injured in an accident involving a moving vehicle at work. If the work accident is severe and results in multiple fractures or crushed hand and hand area, these injuries may require medical amputation as treatment.

  1. Car Accident Hand Injury Claims

It isn’t just drivers who can claim for injuries sustained on the road – car accidents can cause injuries to all sorts of people, including passengers, drivers, and innocent bystanders. All of these people may be affected by car accident in some way, and may each have a potential compensation claim if they were not the cause of the accident.

If you have been involved in a car accident, there are many possible hand injuries that you could suffer as a result. Hand and hand injuries are extremely common in car accidents, as these incidents can be hard-hitting on the upper part of the body, especially for the driver and front passengers of the vehicle. The hand and upper body contain many muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other soft tissues that could be damaged in a car accident.

If you are the driver of a vehicle, you are usually close to the steering wheel and to the front windscreen.  If a car accident ensues, you could be crushed by the force of the accident and your hand could be damaged by the impact. If someone is flung from the car, they could land on their hand or shoulder and suffer serious injuries. Even if the crash happens at a relatively slow speed, a car accident can still exert a huge amount of force on those inside the vehicle. Even a low impact can be enough to seriously injure most people’s hands and hands.

Another way that your hand can be injured in a car accident is through holding your hands up to protect yourself as you brace for impact. This is a common reaction as people brace for the moment of impact in a car accident. By holding your hands up, you are exposing your entire hand to broken glass and flying objects. If you are flung from a moving vehicle, or hit by the car as a pedestrian, by landing on your hands or hand you could suffer serious damage to your hand.

If you have been in a car accident and have experienced a hand injury as a result, you should consider getting in touch with a friendly Free Legal Justice claims handler today to find out more about your hand injury claim. At the end of the day, if the car accident was not your fault, then you should not have to pay for your physical injuries or for the financial consequences of such injury.

Common Car Accident Related Hand Injury Claims

There are certain injuries that are more common than others in the hands and hands when it comes to car crashes.

  • Hand Fracture Due To A Car Accident

Possibly the most common type of injury resulting from a car accident is a broken bone. This type of injury commonly occurs in head-on collisions and rear-end collisions.

  • Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains are also very common hand injuries resulting from car accidents. A sprain typically means that ligaments have been torn or stretched, and a strain entails the tearing or stretching of tendons or muscles.

  • Amputation

Amputations are devastating to any victim of an accident. If a hand or hand is caught in an accident or crushed by a moving car, this can have severe consequences for the victim. Where a car accident results in multiple fractures or crushed hand and hand area, injuries can necessitate medical amputation.

Whether you land up with a broken bone or a sprained tendon in your hand and hand, your day to day life will be affected for a certain period of time as a result of the car accident.  Your hands and hands are a crucial part of the human body, and you need them to move around and do simple daily tasks. As a result of a hand injury, you may not be able to move around in the same way as before, which could result in a variety of financial losses, including taking time off of work.

If you have found yourself in this situation after a car accident, it is important that you speak to Free Legal Justice as soon as possible. Our experienced legal team will guide you and help evaluate your hand injury claim.

  1. Public Place Hand Injury Claims

Free Legal Justice is highly experienced in handling personal injury compensation claims which have happened in a wide range of public places, including theme parks, shopping malls, restaurants and bars, parks, schools, theatres, carnivals and music concerts.

If you have suffered a personal injury whilst in a public place and you believe it was due to negligence of another individual or body, you may be able to claim compensation for your injuries. Councils, shop owners, businesses and public bodies all have a duty to take reasonable measures to prevent the public from being injured on the premises under their control.

If your accident was on a council owned property, such as a public walkway or a council house rented out to a member of the public, then you may be able to make a personal injury compensation claim against the local authority if the accident was due to their negligence. When we look at injuries occurring in public spaces, the accident generally involves a slip or a trip on a road or a pavement, which means that the local council will be responsible.

When instituting a claim against a Local Authority for not maintaining a road or sidewalk, the claimant will need to prove that the local council was negligent in their duty to the public by failing to keep the pavement safe. This involves proving that, based on the circumstances of the case, it was not reasonable for the local council to let  the public space to fall into a state of disrepair that it could result in a person being injured.

How Much Will I Receive As Hand Injury Compensation?

Hand injury compensation pay-outs typically comprise of amounts awarded for general and special damages. General damages refer to compensation for personal injuries suffered by the innocent person, while special damages refer to compensation awarded as a reimbursement of additional expenses incurred as a result of the hand injury. One of our personal injury claim experts at Free Legal Justice will explain in detail what will form part of your general and special damages claim, once you provide us with the details of your hand injury claim.

The general damages part of your hand injury claim is calculated by comparing your independent medical report with the official Judicial Board Guidelines for the Assessment of General Damages in Personal Injury Cases. This guideline estimates how much general damages can be claimed for different types of injuries. The Court will consider aspects such as how serious your injury was, complicating factors surrounding the injury, as well as the length of the recovery period.

Free Legal Justice has accident claim specialists in all categories of injuries, ranging from fairly minor injuries to serious and fatal injuries. One of our accident claims experts will be able to estimate the value of your hand injury claim once you have provided them with the details and extent of the injuries you have suffered. In the meantime, the figures below can be used as a broad guideline to the compensation that you could expect in a hand injury claim.

Average Compensation Amounts For Hand Injury Claims:

SeverityType Of Hand InjuryAverage Compensation
MildVibration White FingerBetween £2275 and £ 6575
MildNon-complex fracture to any fingerFrom £2 000 and up to £3 500
MildOther mild hand injuryDepending on nature of injury, between £750 and £3 500
ModerateLoss of or amputation of a little fingerBetween £5 000 and £6 000
ModeratePartial loss of index fingerBetween £9 250 and £15 680
ModerateTotal loss of middle fingerAround £13 000
Moderately severeTotal loss of index fingerAround £15 680
Moderately SevereVibration White FingerUp to £33 000 in serious cases
Moderately severeSevere hand injuryBetween £25 000 and £54 000
 Serious finger injury which reduces the hand to about 50% capacity, along with disfigurementBetween £22 050 and £51 760
SevereLoss of an index or middle finger that has a serious impact on the use of the handBetween £50 000 and £70 000
SevereLoss of one handBetween £84 000 and £96 000
Extremely severeLoss of both handsBetween £123 000 and £176 000

Please note that these figures are for broad guidance only. For a personalised estimate and valuation of your hand injury claim, contact Free Legal Justice today. Our team is available to give you completely free legal advice 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. We are always ready to answer any questions you might have about the calculation of your general and special damages. get in touch with one of our friendly claims experts by filling out the online form, or by calling us on 0800 567 7074 today. If you are unable to get to one of the Free Legal Justice offices, one of our friendly personal injury solicitors will be happy to conduct a home visit, to talk over your claim from the comfort of your own home.

What Will It Cost Me To Make A Hand Injury Claim?

Many potential claimants worry about the cost of legal advice when making their hand injury claims. We have good news. At Free Legal Justice, the vast majority of cases we work on are taken on a no win no fee basis, so there is no financial risk to you.

No Win No Fee Agreements

A No Win No Fee agreement lets you continue with your hand injury compensation claim on the condition that if the claim is not successful, you won’t owe the Free Legal Justice team any money. Put simply, it is a way for you to take the necessary legal steps to claim rightful compensation for your hand injury, without any financial risks weighing over your head. Our highly skilled lawyers are happy to offer No Win No Fee agreements to clients seeking rightful compensation for personal injuries, because they are extremely confident in their legal skills and have a historical track record of successful claims behind them.

A No Win No Fee agreement is a stress-free, financially-savvy way to make your hand injury claim. Once you have discussed the details of your case with a member of the Free Legal Justice team, and have agreed for us to continue with your case on a No Win No Fee basis, your work is essentially complete. You can sit back, relax, and let the dedicated Free Legal Justice team do the rest of the hard work for you!

No Win No Fee

How Much Will I Be Charged If My Claim Is Successful?

One of the best things about a No Win No Fee agreement is that you will never need to pay us legal fees in advance. A No Win No Fee agreement means that we will only get paid after the fact, if your compensation claim is successful.

Our personal injury solicitors work on an average success fee of 25% of the total compensation received for your claim. Your solicitor will make sure to discuss the success fee upfront, and this success fee will be agreed in writing between the parties before you make your hand injury compensation claim. If Free Legal Justice helps you to win your case, we will receive the success fee as payment for our legal fees.

What Happens If My Claim Is Unsuccessful?

Free Legal Justice carries the risk of your personal injury claim being unsuccessful. In the unlikely event that we can’t help you to win your case, Free Legal Justice will not charge you any legal fees for the work done by your designated personal injury lawyer.  That means that you will not need to pay Free Legal Justice a thing if your claim is not successful.

To ensure that you are fully protected and have peace of mind over your financial risks, our team can help you to secure ‘After the Event’ insurance. This insurance covers you in the event that you are unsuccessful with your claim, and in case the court orders you to pay a part of your opponent’s legal costs.

What Information Do I Need To Make My Hand Injury Claim?

Generally, to be able to assist you on your hand injury compensation claim, your lawyer will need the following details from you:

  • how you sustained the hand injury and who was involved in causing the injury;
  • where you were at the time of the incident, be it in a car, at work or in a public place;
  • details of those present when you suffered the hand injury, either as victims or witnesses;
  • full details of your injuries, any medical diagnosis and details of the impact that this has had on your life, both physically and financially.

Based on these details, a claims handler from the Free Legal Justice team will be able to assess your hand injury claim and advise you on the merits of your case. If we think you have a valid claim, we will also be able to give you an estimated value and advise you on the next stages in the process.

How Long Do I Have to Make My Hand Injury Claim?

Generally, you need to make a claim for hand injury compensation within three years of the date of the accident, or of the date of diagnosis of your injuries. There are exceptions to this rule, for example you may be allowed a longer time period if you are claiming on behalf of a child or protected person. On the other hand, if the accident was the result of criminal activity such as a hit and run car accident, time limits may vary.

Contact Free Legal Justice at any time of day, on any day of the week, by filling out the short online form and waiting for us to call you back for free, or by calling one of our friendly personal injury claims handlers on 0800 567 7074. If you would like to discuss your case from the comfort of your own home, please request a complimentary home visit from one of our friendly legal professionals, so that we can start your hand injury claim without delay.